Arts and Film
Hobbies and Games
Home and Garden
Philosophy, Politics and Religion
Some semanticists hope that formal logical systems will one day handle semantic representations adequately, and also the meaning of sentences.
In standard French, the negative particle ne, used without pas after rien (nothing) and personne (nobody), e.g. ‘Rien n’est arrivé’ (‘Nothing has happened’), ‘Personne n’est venu’ (‘Nobody came’), is often omitted in familiar language. This does not apply with the pronouns nul (no one) and aucun (none), which are considered too highbrow!
Whose foot?: Early measures of length were based on using parts of the body as standard units. This approach gave rise to: the inch (the thickness of a man's thumb) the foot (well, this one is obvious) the yard (the length of a man's stride) One problem with this approach was standardization of the units – not everyone's thumb, foot, stride, etc. are the same size.
A footnote to the preceding box: we should distinguish between references to temperature in different contexts: el vi és fred / el nen té fred / avui fa molt fred - the wine is cold / the boy is cold / it is very cold today.
Many Hindi verbs have an inherently passive sense even though they are grammatically active . Thus बनना bannā is an active intransitive verb meaning ‘to be made, to become’, while बनाया जाना banāyā jānā is a passive form of the transitive verb बनाना banānā, and also means ‘to be made’ – though in the latter there is an emphasis on the process of being made (with the ‘maker’ lurking somewhere nearby), so the sense ‘to become’ does not apply. It's a matter of some complexity, and if this note confuses you, just ignore it!
Can you imagine being able to remain happy no matter what is happening around you?
Encourage your child to develop independence skills as soon as he is ready, e.g. helping to dress and undress himself.
The regular verb meinen is used very frequently to ask for and give opinions, and can be translated as 'to think, to believe, to reckon, to mean': Meinst du? - Do you think so?
The Chinese zodiac works in a 12-year cycle rather than in months as the western one does. You probably know whether you are a Capricorn or a Leo or whatever but do you know which animal year you belong to? The order is as follows: Rat (shu) 1996 1984 1972 1960 1948 1936 Ox (niú) 1997 1985 1973 1961 1949 1937 Tiger (hu) 1998 1986 1974 1962 1950 1938 Rabbit (tù) 1999 1987 1975 1963 1951 1939 Dragon (lóng) 2000 1988 1976 1964 1952 1940 Snake (shé) 2001 1989 1977 1965 1953 1941 Horse (ma) 2002 1990 1978 1966 1954 1942 Sheep (yáng) 2003 1991 1979 1967 1955 1943 Monkey (hóu) 2004 1992 1980 1968 1956 1944 Cockerel (ji) 2005 1993 1981 1969 1957 1945 Dog (gou) 2006 1994 1982 1970 1958 1946 Pig (zhu) 2007 1995 1983 1971 1959 1947. Can you work out which animal you are?! For instance if you were born in 1976 you are a dragon, if you were born in 1971 you are a pig (but make sure you take the Lunar New Year into account in Unit 20). Each animal year is said to possess certain characteristics. It might be fun to get hold of a book on Chinese astrology and read up on your particular animal. Such books are now relatively easy to obtain at any reputable bookshop.
If you have low self-esteem, you may have little confidence in your views and opinions; yet you find yourself sticking doggedly to them when they are opposed to those of others.
COMING SOON FROM TEACH YOURSELF
Teach Yourself Languages Online
Download the pdf here for a walkthrough of the world's most comprehensive online language learning service
© Hodder Education 2010
Site produced by MMT Digital